Optical mapping

Visualizing electrical activity of the heart

Cardiac Electrophysiology, Cardiac Imaging, Numerical Modeling

The field of cardiac electrophysiology has focused on gaining a better understanding of the electrophysiological properties of healthy and diseased hearts to gain important insights into the mechanisms of life threatening cardiac arrhythmias, which can cause heart attacks or, in extremely dangerous cases, sudden cardiac death. Optical mapping allows for the visualization of the electrical activities in myocardial tissues with high spatial and temporal resolution. Optical mapping has been widely used in our laboratory to visualize, predict and control the onset of abnormal cardiac rhythms. Over the past years, we further developed technical aspects of the optical mapping system, as well as improved post-process analysis of the acquired data. Specifically, we mastered simultaneous recording of electrical activity of the heart together with intracellular calcium cycling. We also modified the optical mapping system to visualize electrical activity from a very small spatial region. In addition, we incorporated real-time closed loop control that allows us to perform a unique computer-controlled pacing of the heart. All the above mentioned (and other) improvements allow us the use of optical mapping system to tackle a wide spectrum of cardiac electrophysiological applications.

Electrical activity in a 3D-printed Chambered Organoid


We used optical mapping to record spontaneous electrical activity of a 3D-pronted chambered organoid (left) and electrical activity during pacing.